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Ryugo Tero

Affiliation Department of Environmental and Life Sciences
Title Associate Professor
Fields of Research Surface physical chemistry
Degree Doctor of Science, Graduate School of Science, the University of Tokyo
Academic Societies the American Chemical Society, the International Association of Colloid and Interface Scientists (IACIS), the Chemical Society of Japan, the Japan Society of Applied Physics, the Surface Science Society of Japan, the Biophysical Society of Japan
E-mail tero@
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Laboratory website URL
Researcher information URL(researchmap) Researcher information


Structure and dynamics of artificial cell membrane systems

Lipid bilayers are fundamental structures of cell membranes, and provide reaction fields to membrane proteins relating to the transportation of signal, materials and energy into and/or out of cells. Artificial lipid bilayers on solid materials, called supported lipid bilayers (SLBs), are interfacial system between biomembranes and solid devices. My research target is structures and dynamics of lipids and proteins in lipid bilayer membranes (e.g. lipid diffusion, domain formation/dissipation, peptides and protein assemblies), and they are investigated on the scale of single molecule to micrometer assembly with fluorescence-microscope-based techniques and atomic force microscopy.

Theme1:Effects of substrate properties on supported lipid bilayer (SLB) formation and phase separation

Schematic of supported lipid bilayer (SLB), and AFM topographs of SLBs with two dimensional domains.

SLBs are formed by vesicle fusion method in my lab. Substrates soaked in a suspension of lipid vesicles (=liposomes) are spontaneously coated by SLB through the vesicle transformation processes from sphere to planar membrane e.g. adsorption, fusion, rupture and spreading. In these processes, interaction between vesicles and substrates are critical factor thus SLB formation highly depends on the substrate conditions, vesicle size and lipid component. Understanding how the substrate physical and chemical properties (structures, roughness, charges, chemical termination, etc) affects to the SLB formation process, and furthermore the two dimensional structures in SLB, is essential for fabricating functional model biomembrane systems.

Selected publications and works

R. Tero*, K. Fukumoto, T. Motegi, M. Yoshida, M. Niwano and A. Hirano-Iwata, "Formation of Cell Membrane Component Domains in Artificial Lipid Bilayer", Sci. Rep., 7, 17905 (10 pages) (2017), 10.1038/s41598-017-18242-9.
R. Tero*, R. Yamashita, H. Hashizume, Y. Suda, H. Takikawa, M. Hori and M. Ito*, "Nanopore formation process in artificial cell membrane induced by plasma-generated reactive oxygen species", Arch. Biochem. Biophys., 605, 26-33 (2016), 10.1016/
Y. Suda*, R. Tero*, R. Yamashita, K. Yusa and H. Takikawa, "Reduction in lateral lipid mobility of lipid bilayer membrane by atmospheric pressure plasma irradiation", Jpn. J. Appl. Phys.,55, 03DF05 (2016), 10.7567/JJAP.55.03DF05.


lipid bilayer, membrane protein, phase separation, molecular dynamics, atomic force microscope, fluorescence microscope

Theme2:In situ observation of molecular diffusion in SLB

Diffusion trajectories of fluorescence-labeled lipids in a SLB on SiO2/Si substrate

Lateral diffusion of lipid molecules in cell membranes is fundamental process of domain formation and membrane reactions. I use single molecule tracking (SMT) method to observe the lipid diffusion in SLBs in situ. In my experimental setup, SMT is achieved independent of the substrate transparency or refractive index, thus silicon, TiO2 and other oxide materials are available. SMT on nano-structured oxide surfaces are currently underway.

Selected publications and works

T. Motegi*, K. Yamazaki, T. Ogino and R. Tero*, "Substrate-Induced Structure and Molecular Dynamics in a Lipid Bilayer Membrane", Langmuir, 33, 14748-14755 (2017), 10.1021/acs.langmuir.7b03212.
Y. Okamoto, T. Motegi, K. Morita, T. Takagi, H. Amii, T. Kanamori, M. Sonoyama* and R. Tero*, "Lateral Diffusion and Molecular Interaction in a Bilayer Membrane Consisting of Partially Fluorinated Phospholipids", Langmuir, 32, 10712-10718 (2016), 10.1021/acs.langmuir.6b02874.


molecular diffusion, total internal reflection microscope

Theme3:Artificial lipid bilayer platform on graphene


Graphene is a single atomic sheet consisting of sp2 carbon. Its high electron mobility has been attracted researcher's interests, but recently various unique properties of graphene is becoming known. One of them is the unordinary fluorescence quenching function. Emission of fluorescence probes are quenched independent of the wave length, and the efficient distance is much further than the conventional FRET between molecules. We are developing lipid bilayer platform on graphene and graphene oxide to develop a new method for lipids and proteins in and on lipid bilayer membranes.


graphene, graphene oxide, lipid bilayer

Title of class

Basic Physical Chemistry 2 (B2); Interfacial chemistry (B3); Reaction Kinetics (B4); Molecular Physical Chemistry (B4); Advanced Biomaterials Chemistry and Engineering (M)・Advanced Molecular Function Chemistry 2 (D); Advanced Interdisciplinary Technology (MD Leading Program)

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